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(Two Years)

     Second Infantry.--Col., Charles D. Jameson; Lieut.-Col., 
Charles W. Roberts; Maj., George Varney.  Numerically the 
second, this was in fact the first regiment to leave the state 
for the front.  It was raised within the limits of the first 
militia division of the state and was rendezvoused at Bangor.  
Companies A, B, C, D and I belonged to Col. Jameson's old 
command, and were reorganized for service in this regiment.  
The others were new companies.  It completed its organization 
and left the state May 14, 1861.  Like the 1st, it originally 
enlisted for three months, but on May 28, was mustered into the 
United States service for two years.  The 2nd, during its two 
years' term of service, saw much hard service and participated 
in eleven bloody and hard-fought battles, besides numerous 
skirmishes and scouting expeditions.  It never received a word 
of censure and invariably distinguished itself.  A list of the 
important battles in which it was engaged includes the first 
and second Bull Run, Hall's Hill, Yorktown, Hanover Court 
House, Gaines' Mill, Malvern Hill, Antietam, Fredericksburg and 
Chancellorsville.  The magnificent fighting record of the 2nd 
was largely due to the efficiency of its officers.  It showed 
the stuff it was made of in its first battle at Bull Run.  Col. 
Keyes, who commanded the brigade which included the 2nd Me., 
says in his official report of the battle: "The gallantry with 
which the 2nd regiment of Maine volunteers charged up the hill 
upon the enemy's artillery and infantry, was never in my 
opinion surpassed."  Col. Jameson, the first volunteer and the 
first colonel in the field from Maine, was commissioned 
brigadier-general of volunteers for gallantry displayed in 
this, his first battle.  Lieut.-Col. Roberts succeeded to the 
command of the regiment, and after his resignation and 
honorable discharge, Jan. 10, 1863, Lieut.-Col. Varney was 
promoted to the colonelcy of the regiment, and Maj. Sargent was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel, the majorship being left 
vacant on account of the reduced condition of the regiment.  On 
July 18, 1862, Capt. Chaplin, who had succeeded Varney in that 
command, was discharged to enable him to accept the command of 
the 18th Me., then being raised, and Capt. Sargent of Co. G was 
promoted to fill the vacancy.  Some of the men became 
discontented three months after leaving the state from seeing 
three months' men from other states returning home.  Sixty-six 
claimed their time had expired, became insubordinate, and were 
sentenced to Tortugas; but this sentence was later commuted to 
a transfer to the 2nd N. Y., where they served about a year and 
then returned and served faithfully with the regiment for the 
remainder of the term.  Co. I became greatly reduced in numbers 
in Oct., 1861, and the officers having resigned, it was 
disbanded.  Capt. Daniel White of Bangor raised a new company 
which took its place in December of that year.  On July 28, 
1862, the effective strength of the 2nd became reduced to 257 
rifles and came out of the battle of Second Bull Run with but 
137 men able to carry arms.  This is most convincing evidence 
of the trying service to which they were subjected.  The 
regiment was mustered out June 4, and 9, 1863.  In all 1,228 
men were mustered in, of whom 275 returned and were mustered 
out; 120 were mustered in for three years and transferred to 
the 20th Me.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 1


  Report of Col. Charles D. Jameson, Second Maine Infantry.

  [NOTE.--The first page of Col. Jameson's report was never received
  in the Adjutant-Gen.'s Office.]

            *           *          *          *          *

  Lieut. John Skinner, Company C, was taken prisoner while assisting
  Capt. Jones to the hospital. Surgeon Allen remained in care of the
  wounded, and was also taken, together with his son. Chaplain J.F.
  Mines is probably a prisoner. There are still 115 privates missing, a
  number of whom I feel confident will yet come in, so that our loss in
  killed, wounded, and missing will be less than 150.

  Permit me before closing this report to express my entire satisfaction
  with the officers and men under my command during the engagement,
  for with few exceptions they obeyed every order  promptly, and maintained
  their position under a most severe fire of artillery and small-arms until
  ordered to fall back.

  Great credit is due Lieut. Col. C.W. Roberts, Maj. George Varney,
  and Adjutant Reynolds for their coolness and courage on the field under the
  heavy fire that was thinning our ranks.

  Capt. E.N. Jones fell mortally wounded while exhibiting great courage in
  rallying his men to the charge. Sergeant William J. Dean fell severely
  wounded while nobly bearing the beautiful California stand of colors
  presented to the regiment the day before by the ladies of San Francisco
  formerly residents of Maine. The colors were lost, but regained. My thanks
  are due Capt. F.C. Foss, Sergeant Samuel Hinckley, of Company A, and
  Corporal Benjamin Smart, Company H, for important extra services
  rendered during the day; also to Sergeant G.W. Brown, Company F; A.J.
  Knowles and L. Carver, Company D; A.P. Jones and H.W. Wheeler,
  Company A; Peter Welch, Company I, for nobly volunteering to accompany
  me to remove the dead and wounded from the field under a very heavy fire
  of artillery and musketry.

  I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

  Col. Second Regiment Maine Volunteers.

  Col. E.D. KEYES,
  Commanding First Brigade, First Division.

  Source:  Official Records
  [Series I. Vol. 2. Serial No. 2.]

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