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Seventy-fifth Infantry INDIANA
(3-YEARS)


Seventy-fifth Infantry. -- Cols., John U. Pettit, Milton S. 
Robinson, William O'Brien, Lieut.-Cols., William O'Brien, 
Cyrus J. McCole; Majs. Cyrus J. McCole, Mahlon H. Floyd.

This regiment was organized at Wabash and was mustered in on 
Aug. 19, 1862.  It left the state on Aug. 21 for Lebanon, Ky., 
but retired to Louisville upon Bragg's advance.

It then moved to Frankfort, Scottsville, Gallatin and Cave 
City in pursuit of Morgan's forces.  It was in camp near 
Gallatin during December and moved in Jan., 1863, to 
Murfreesboro, being engaged in scouting and brief expeditions, 
with the 2nd brigade, 3rd division, 14th army corps.

On June 24 it started for Tullahoma, participated in the 
battle at Hoover's gap and was the first regiment to enter the 
enemy's works at Tullahoma.   Moving then towards Chattanooga, 
it was engaged at Chickamauga, losing 17 killed and 107 
wounded.

It remained near Chattanooga during the fall and winter and 
was engaged in the battle of Missionary Ridge.  It moved to 
Ringgold, GA, in the spring of 1864, joined the campaign to 
Atlanta, and was engaged at Dalton, Resaca, Dallas, Kennesaw 
Mountain, Peachtree Creek, in front of Atlanta, and at 
Jonesboro.

On Oct. 4, the 75th moved with its corps to Pine Mountain, and 
arrived in time to threaten the rear of French's division of 
Hood's army, which was investing the garrison at Allatoona.  
The regiment pursued the enemy to Gaylesville, and returned in 
time to join the march upon Savannah, which city was reached 
in December.

In Jan., 1865, the regiment made the march through the 
Carolinas to Goldsboro, participating en route in the battles 
of Fayetteville and Bentonville.  It then moved with the 
advance of the army to Raleigh, skirmishing at Smithfield, 
thence to Richmond and Washington, and was mustered out at 
Washington, June 8, 1865.   The recruits were transferred to 
the 42nd Ind. and served with that regiment until its muster 
out.

The original strength of the 75th was 1,031; gain by recruits, 
96; total, 1,127. Loss by death, 227; desertion, 30; 
unaccounted for, 31.

Source: Union Army, vol 3, p. 158

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  Report of Col. Milton S. Robinson, Seventy-fifth Indiana Infantry.

  HDQRS. SEVENTY-FIFTH INDIANA INFANTRY,
  Chattanooga, Tennessee, November 30, 1863.
  SIR: I herewith submit my report of the part taken by the Seventy-fifth
  Indiana Regiment, which I have the honor to command, in the action
  before Chattanooga, commencing on the 23d instant:

  About 2 p. m. on the 23d instant, in obedience to orders received
  from the colonel commanding the brigade, I moved my regiment to the
  left and front of Fort Negley, and there took position in the center of the
  front line of the brigade on about the same ground previously occupied
  by our advance picket line. Remained in this position, bivouacking on
  the ground, and doing picket duty until the morning of the 25th, when
  I moved my regiment, under orders from the colonel commanding the
  brigade, farther to the left, and at 1 p. m. took position on the right and
  in the rear line of the brigade, some distance to the left and front of Fort
  Wood, facing the enemy's works at the foot of Mission Ridge; remained
  in this position until about 3 p. m.; moved forward with the brigade at
  a pretty rapid march, until the front line had gained, occupied, and
  halted in the enemy's works before mentioned. Seeing the front line
  safely resting in these works, and occupying a position with my
  command in an open field much exposed to the enemy's fire from
  artillery on Mission Ridge, I ordered my men to lie down, and remained
  in this position under a harmless but annoying fire of artillery (the shells
  falling inaccurately) until the grand and brilliant advance was made by
  the front line on the enemy's works, playing with so much defiance and
  apparent confidence and composure upon us from the heights of Mission
  Ridge. Simultaneous with the advance of the front line, I moved my
  regiment forward in line of battle, until I discovered my line was under
  and subject to an enfilading fire from the battery on my left; then I
  moved double-quick by the right flank, file left, to the works, running
  at right angles with those just vacated by the front line; here I halted,
  closed my men up, and immediately moved up a ravine in the ridge by
  the flank, which effectually shielded my men from the artillery fire, and
  gained the heights in good season to take part in the action fiercely
  going on between the front line and the enemy, some distance to the left
  of the battery captured by them. As soon as arriving at the point where
  the enemy were resisting our farther movements, I formed my regiment
  into line with the right resting well down the east side of the ridge,
  fronting north, and immediately became hotly engaged, the enemy
  disputing a farther advance down this portion of the ridge, and at the
  same time seemingly intending to stay our advance until he might
  succeed in getting off a piece of artillery, for which both sides were
  grappling. Under this impression, I ordered my regiment forward,
  which order was promptly obeyed, having previously fixed bayonets,
  intended charging down the ridge. After advancing near the artillery it
  was abandoned, and the force contesting my advance made a hasty
  retreat. I claim for my regiment the honor of having captured this piece
  of artillery while resting with my line near to it and after the fighting
  had ceased. Some officer claiming to have authority took it off.

  I must here take occasion to say that from the time the charge commenced
  to be made and until the field was ours, not one solitary man of my
  regiment straggled from his command, but that every advance and movement
  was made by them in fine order, nor did one casualty happen to it until
  I had gained the position and engaged the enemy at the point last named,
  at which point my entire loss occurred, being 19 in all, as follows:
  Capt. Francis M. Bryant, of Company C, a brave, gallant, able, and
  efficient officer, was mortally wounded. Four enlisted men were killed,
  and 14 wounded. A full list* is hereunto attached.

  After the conclusion of Wednesday's action, my regiment was detailed
  and went on picket for the entire brigade, and was relieved on the 26th,
  with orders to march, which I subsequently learned to be to pursue the
  retreating enemy. Arrived at Ringgold, Ga., at noon on the 27th;
  remained there until 11 a. m. on the 29th; ordered to return to camp;
  arrived in camp on same evening at 6 o'clock, without participating in
  any further action.

  During the seven days of arduous duty performed, as well as while
  engaged in action, my regiment officers and men-bore themselves with
  that gallantry, forbearance, and energy becoming veteran soldiers. Their
  justly earned laurels upon more sanguinary fields did not depreciate in
  the action before Chattanooga. They met the enemy, as upon former
  occasions, determined to defeat him at all hazards.

  I am, your obedient servant,

  MILTON S. ROBINSON,
  Col., Cmdg. Seventy-fifth Indiana Volunteers.

  Capt. JOHN R. BEATTY,
  Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

  Source:  Official Records
  CHAP. XLIII.]   THE CHATTANOOGA-RINGGOLD CAMPAIGN.   PAGE 529-55
  [Series I. Vol. 31. Part II, Reports. Serial No. 55.]

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  Reports of Maj. Cyrus J. McCole, Seventy-fifth Indiana Infantry.
  HDQRS. SEVENTY-FIFTH REGT. INDIANA VOLS.,
  Near Atlanta, Ga., August 17, 1864.
  I have the honor to make the following report of this regiment
  and its doings during the time mentioned in circular:

  As this regiment has been engaged in no special or detached service,
  and has at all times acted under the immediate observation of
  the brigade commander, and only in concert with the brigade, I
  deem it unnecessary here to mention such facts as must be equally
  within your knowledge, and are not relative to this regiment alone.
  The casualties in this regiment during the time are--Lieut. Col.
  William O'Brien, severely wounded in hand; enlisted men killed,
  6; enlisted men wounded, 19.

  Very respectfully, &c.,
  C. J. McCOLE,
  Maj., Cmdg. Regt.

  Capt. S. FORTNER,
  A. A. A. G., 2d Brig., 3d Div., 14th Army Corps.

  -----

  
  HDQRS. SEVENTY-FIFTH REGT. INDIANA VOLS.,
  Near Atlanta, Ga., September 9, 1864.
  I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations
  of this regiment since last report; also a statement of the strength of
  regiment May 7, 1864, and casualties since that time. I do not consider
  it necessary to mention the marches, &c., of this regiment that
  were performed jointly with the command, and under your immediate
  observation. That omitted, leaves but the operations of August
  31 and the morning of September 1, 1864, to report. During
  that time this regiment was connected with the expedition under
  command of Col. Hunter, of the Eighty-second Indiana, which
  had for its object the destruction of the railroad between Atlanta
  and Macon, Ga. That object was successfully and efficiently accomplished,
  this regiment taking an active part, laboring without any
  intermission in building fortifications and in destroying the railroad
  track, until ordered to rejoin the command.

  The effective strength of this regiment was--

  
  May 7, 1864:
  Officers ................................... 21
  Enlisted men............................... 403
                                              ----
                                                           424
  September 9, 1864:
  Officers.................................... 17
  Enlisted men............................... 309
                                              ----
                                                           326
                                                          -----
                                                            98
                                                          -----
  
  Accounted for as follows:

  
  Company C, detailed to guard medical supplies ..........  27
  Sick, sent away, greater than number returned...........  27
  Wounded, not fatally....................................  23
  Killed and died of wounds ..............................   9
  Detached as hospital attendants, &c ....................  12
                                                          ----
  Total ..................................................  98

  
  C. J. McCOLE,
  Maj., Cmdg. Regt.

  Capt. CILLEY,
  Assistant Adjutant-Gen., Second Brigade.


  Source:  Official Records
  CHAP. L.]   REPORTS, ETC.--ARMY OF THE CUMBERLAND.   PAGE 794-72
  [Series I. Vol. 38. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 72.]

***********************************************************************************

 
  Report of Maj. Cyrus J. McCole, Seventy-fifth Indiana Infantry, of
  operations January 20-March 23.

  HDQRS. SEVENTY-FIFTH INDIANA VOLUNTEERS,
  Goldsborough, N. C., March 29, 1865
  COL.: The part taken in the campaign, just ended, by this
  regiment is well known to yourself, it being constantly with the brigade,
  and it is unnecessary for me to make a lengthy report.

  I cannot speak in too high praise of the officers and men of my regiment
  for the promptness and willingness with which they performed every
  duty.

  I am, sir, your most obedient servant,

  C. J. McCOLE,
  Maj., Cmdg. Regt.

  [Lieut. Col. Thomas DOAN.]


  Source:  Official Records
  PAGE 564-98   OPERATIONS IN N. C., S. C., S. GA., AND E. FLA.   [CHAP. LIX.
  [Series I. Vol. 47. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 98.]


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